The Wolf In Our Heads…Understanding Canis Lupus

Who is the wolf?  So much has been written about this magnificent animal yet do we really know the wolf?  We can recite facts about them. They mate for life, they’re smart, playful, their lives are structured around family. Wolves can knock off  fifteen to twenty-five miles in one clip without breaking a sweat, they can reach 40 miles an hour when chasing prey. Their wanderlust drives them to explore new places, to investigate, they are curious. Wolves love to move, they are perpetually in motion when awake.

Pack life is ordered, every wolf  has a place. Usually only the alpha pair (mothers and fathers) will breed but not always.  The famed Hog Heaven Pack, who was slaughtered by Wildlife Services in 2008, had twenty-seven members and TWO breeding females.  The year they were killed they produced 15 pups, all gunned down with the rest of the pack, in that grim November.

The idea that wolves fight for top dog position in the pack  has been disputed by wolf researchers.The term alpha is actually considered outdated in the wolf research community.

“Rather than viewing a wolf pack as a group of animals organized with a “top dog”that fought its way to the top, or a male-female pair of such aggressive wolves, science has come to understand that most wolf packs are merely family groups formed exactly the same way as human families are formed. That is, maturing male and female wolves from different packs disperse, travel around until they find each other and an area vacant of other wolves but with adequate prey, court, mate, and produce their own litter of pups.”

Basically a wolf pair mates, has puppies and the adults then become the natural leaders because pups follow their parents authority. The pack eventually becomes a large extended family.  Of course there are exceptions to this, as with everything pertaining to wolves. They are not easily defined.

So how did the wolf become vilified? It all starts with the images and stories we’re exposed to as kids. Many children grow up to fear wolves because the wolf is often demonized in fairy tales. We’re all familiar with those stories. Little Red Riding Hood, on her way to grandma’s house, must walk through the woods where the Big, Bad Wolf  lurks.

A girl has been given red cap (or cloak and hood) to wear. Her mother sends her to take food to her sick grandmother. The mother tells her she must not stop on the way.  A wolf sees the girl walking through the woods and makes a plan to eat her. The wolf politely asks the girl where she is going. The girl answers him, because he seems friendly. The wolf tells the girl to pick some flowers for her grandmother. While she is picking flowers, the wolf goes to grandmother’s house and eats her. He puts on the grandmother’s night-cap and gets into her bed. When the girl goes into grandmother’s house the wolf eats the girl too. A woodcutter comes and cuts opens the wolf’s body. He saves the grandmother and the girl who are still alive. Then, stones are put in the wolf’s body to kill the wolf.

The Three Little Pigs portray the wolf as evil. The pigs are characterized as industrious, just minding their own business, when along comes the Big, Bad Wolf who wants to blow their houses down and eat them.

The first little pig builds a house of straw, but a wolf blows it down and eats the first little pig. The second pig builds a house of sticks, but with the same ultimate result. Each exchange between wolf and pig features ringing proverbial phrases, namely:

“Little pig, little pig, let me in!”
“Not by the hair on my chinny-chin-chin!”
“Then I’ll huff, and I’ll puff, and I’ll blow your house down!”

The third pig builds a house of hard bricks. The wolf cannot huff and puff hard enough to blow the house down. He attempts to trick the little pig out of the house, but the pig outsmarts him at every turn. Finally, the wolf resolves to come down the chimney, whereupon the pig boils a pot of water into which the wolf plunges, at which point the pig quickly covers the pot and cooks the wolf for supper.

And of course we can’t forget the werewolf.  This may be the most damaging image of all because it permeates our culture with movie after movie depicting vicious, ravenous creatures, turning from man to wolf.

People are fascinated yet repelled by the idea of  half wolf /half human creatures. Once again the wolf is portrayed as dangerous, something to be feared.

The werewolf is a mythical creature that appears in European culture as far back as the times of the ancient Greeks. The culprit was believed to transform into a wolf or a ‘wolf-man’, an affliction either brought about by a curse or through the use of magic.

Ancient cultures across the world ascribed shape shifting abilities to the most dangerous animals they came in contact with; in Africa it was the lion, in India it was the snake and tiger and in Europe it was the white wolf, suggesting that the myth might have come about from mans need to invent stories.

The truth is the wolf is not bad or evil.  They are apex predators struggling  to survive in an ever hostile world, trying to eek out a living and care for their families. That’s it.

For the wolf it’s all about familia. They are the ultimate role models on great parenting. Pack structure is held together by the intense loyalty they feel toward each other. Admirable traits in any species.

Why don’t we read more about wolves’ wonderful altruistic qualities in the media? Because most are too busy reporting the “party line” from fish and game agencies.

Wolves once  prospered in all parts of the world.

As Barry Lopez states in “Of Wolves and Men”:

“The wolf once roamed most of the Northern Hemisphere above thirty degrees north latitude.  They were found in Eastern Europe, The Balkans, the near Middle East into Arabia, Afghanistan,  Northern India, throughout Russia north into Siberia, China and Japan.

He goes on:  “In North America the wolf reached a southern limit north of Mexico City and ranged north as far as Cape Morris Jessup, Greenland, less than four hundred miles from the North Pole.  Outside of  Iceland and North Africa, and such places as the Gobi Desert.  Wolves had adapted to virtually every habitat available to them.”

Historic US  Gray Wolf Range. Map: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

“Native Americans were awed by the power and stealth of the wolf, while European settlers — who brought over their folk tales of the “big bad wolf” — feared the animal. This fear, combined with the belief that wolves caused widespread livestock losses, led to their near extinction in the lower 48 states in the early half of the 20th century.”

Wolves were hated by the first Europeans that landed on this continent and they brought their wolf exterminating ways with them.  Europe had been sanitized of most of their wolves to clear the land for ranching and farming. They carried their wolf prejudice to America and within four hundred years wolves were extirpated from the lower forty-eight. An epic tragedy.

The impetus that started the wolf carnage in America was the early European settler’s slaughter of bison and other ungulates.  They literally killed everything with four hooves from bison to moose, deer and elk. They robbed wolves of their prey base.

As Rick Bass states in The Ninemile Wolves, “In the absence of bison, there was the bison’s replacement: cattle. The wolves preyed upon these new intruders, without question but the ranchers and the government overreacted just a tad.  Until very recently, the score stood at Cows, 99,200,000; Wolves, O.

Of the men that took part in the pogrom, what can we say of them? What wolves were dwelling in their heads while they poisoned, shot, set wolves on fire, fed them ground glass and other tortures too gruesome to mention? What were they thinking of the wolf as they laid their strychnine laden meat trap-lines?  What was their image of the wolf?  A pest, a bounty to be collected, did they feel anything about this animal that had done them no harm?  We can never know but we can guess.

Today there are pockets of wolves scattered throughout Europe. Russia still has wolves, although they have virtually no protection and can be shot on sight.  The largest population of wolves reside in Alaska and Canada.  Of the twenty-three subspecies that existed, seven are now extinct.

Mankind did a very good job of decimating wolf populations. But in the 1980’s a few wolves returned to their western habitat in Glacier National Park, long before their official reintroduction to Yellowstone  and Central Idaho in 1995.  Wolves today inhabit a tiny fraction of their historic range and are still fighting the same persecution they faced a hundred years ago.

The image of the wolf has taken on almost mythical proportions. Does anyone truly see the wolf  for who it really is?  For a few they are evil, hunting machines and possess no redeeming qualities. I receive comments  from angry people who rail against wolves and how they kill their prey, as if there’s a polite way for predators to kill. Wolves are held to a different standard. No predator kills nicely, not African lions, not grizzly bears, not Great White sharks, not mountain lions, and definitely NOT HUMANS.  I don’t know of a single case of wolves shooting their prey from helicopters with twelve gauge shotguns, or using leghold traps. That kind of killing is the domain of the deadliest predator on earth, man!

Wolves kill to survive.  They were put on this earth to keep ungulate herds healthy.

Every time wolves hunt they risk broken ribs or cracked skulls by a well placed kick. Wolves’ lives are hard. Yet they are demonized for being predators. What about the gut shot deer wandering the forests during hunting season, leaving blood trails? Take a trip through the thousands of YouTube videos that depict disgusting canned hunts or document the glee with which some hunters display brutal killing methods of our wildlife. Who’s responsible for the torture of  animals in factory farms, it’s not the wolf?

It all goes back to the image one has of the wolf.  If people grow up believing the myths and half-truths about wolves, they’ll carry those biases into adulthood.  I believe those who hate wolves have projected their fears about themselves onto the wolf.

“Throughout the centuries we have projected on to the wolf the qualities we most despise and fear in ourselves.” -Barry Lopez

For most the wolf is an icon of freedom and beauty, a symbol of untamed wildness.  As Barry Lopez described them so beautifully in Of Wolves and Men.

The wolves will “travel together ten or twenty miles a day,  through the country where they live, eating and sleeping, birthing, playing with sticks, chasing ravens, growing old, barking at bears, scent marking trails, killing moose and staring at the way water in a creek breaks around their legs and flows on.”

That’s the wolf in my head. Who’s the wolf in yours?


Coastal British Columbia wolves love salmon!

There’s always something new to learn about wolves!

Repost: Original posting February 26,2010

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Cartoon: A Puritan Thanksgiving….Dan Beard

Posted in: gray wolf/canis lupus, howling for justice, biodiversity

Tags: wolf enigma, canis lupus, wolf myths, fairy tales, little red riding hood, family

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40 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. Nabeki, Nicely done, I am in total agreement. Its a miracle and a testament of the wolves themselves that they are all not extinct. M


    • Marc….they have been so persecuted, you’re right, it’s a wonder there are any wolves left at all. It’s a testament to their strength. But even they couldn’t withstand the poisoning that went on during the 19th and 20th centuries.



  2. Religious persecution has also played a hand in the extermination of the wolf. Pagans revered the wolf as a wise and gentle sage-like spirit. However, as Pagans were killed and demonised by early Christians for their beliefs so too were the animals associated with their pantheon, including the wolf. This prosecution of the wolf in Medieval times subsequently lead to unspeakable horrors inflicted onto thousands of innocent people for hundreds of years.
    Romans also saw the wolf as a benevolent creature and one of great strength – as expressed in the myth of Romulus and Remus.
    For a time, the Japanese saw the wolf as a god of protection, keeping the rodents away from stores and bringing good harvests. This unfortunately changed with the fall of a particular government, the next rulers decreed that the wolf was a demon and eradicated the two resident species.
    As for Christianity, many verses refer to the wolf as a killer and a deceptive villain intent on leading the faithful astray. However a redeeming quality of the religion, in this regard, is that Noah spared a spot for the wolf on the Ark.


    • Thanks John for pointing that out. I wanted to do a more extensive piece on wolf persecution but it would have been a hundred pages long, they’ve endured so much. I like to think of them the way Rick Bass described them in these few sentences:

      “The wolves will “travel together ten or twenty miles a day, through the country where they live, eating and sleeping, birthing, playing with sticks, chasing ravens, growing old, barking at bears, scent marking trails, killing moose and staring at the way water in a creek breaks around their legs and flows on.”


      • Hey Nabeki, some good news for now. Enjoy your weekend!

        Public Hearing For Idaho Emergency Wolf Bill Stopped
        February 27, 2010

        There will be no public hearing on HRC043, Idaho’s Wolf Emergency Resolution.
        The word I have received from sources say Governor Otter has requested that the House Resources chairman, John A. Stevenson, “suppress” this bill. In other words he doesn’t want it acted on in the Idaho Legislature. What is it that Governor Otter fears? What happened to the governor who stood on the steps of the Capital and announced he wanted to be the first to kill a wolf?
        Tony Mayer,, is encouraging all Idaho residents to contact their representative and voice concerns. He drafted a sample letter if you choose to use it when emailing your representative.
        Representatives Stevenson and Shepard:
        We are disappointed in your decision to suppress HRC043 Wolf Emergency Resolution as this is a small but very necessary measure to encourage our governor to take proactive necessary steps to deal with the untenable wolf crisis in our state.
        We further request that you encourage and support additional measures and legislation directed at taking additional necessary measures to reduce the population of the Canadian Gray Wolves in our state back to the original agreed FWS approved Wolf Management Plan population level of 150 wolves.
        Allowing the original introduction of the Canadian Gray Wolf into our state was ill-advised and a mistake in the first place. Continuing to allow the wolf population to vastly exceed by some eight to ten times the original 150 wolf level is catastrophic and is causing irreparable harm to our citizens.
        Wolves are depredating ungulate herds throughout our state and are proven harbingers’ of highly contagious parasites. Wolves are jeopardizing the very safety and health of our citizens, our livestock and state wildlife resources.
        We encourage you to fulfill the fiduciary responsibility you have to your constituency and to take whatever action within your prevue to preserve and protect the citizens and the resources of our state.
        Tony Mayer


      • Thanks Jon…this is great new for wolves!! I think the Governor sees this looks bad for Idaho. We still have the bad bill circulating around out there. Hopefully it will go nowhere either.



  3. Looks like Mutiny on the Bounty- its about time. Such a dysfunctional and irrational political system cannot live that long… Thanks Jon for the news!

    Why doesn’t “Save Elk” read the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation stats on Elk? Are they stupid?


    • Hunters only like information that supports their anti-wolf agenda.


      • They keep repeating the same tired talking points over and over.



  4. Hey guys, there’s a chance you already know about this, but I’ll post it anyway just in case. I subscribe to Montana Representative Denny Rehberg’s e-mail newsletter, and the most recent issue says that he’s established an area on his web site where Montana citizens can weigh in on what they want future wolf management plans to look like. All of you who live in Montana should head over there and let him know what you think (Rehberg appears to be anti-wolf, so he needs to hear from you). Here’s the link to the appropriate page:,92


    • Thank you CaptainSakonna,
      Yes Denny Rehburg is anti-wolf…alll the politicians in the state are running with it. But wolf advocates should write to him and let him know there are other people in the state besides ranchers and hunters.



  5. Brilliant blog that told the history of the wolf so cleverly in a shorter space. Good graphics. Well done. The abuse of the wolf over centuries has come only from mankind and it has to stop. Blogs like this help to educate and get the truth out.


    • Thank you Paloma….glad you enjoyed the post. I actually wrote it a several months ago but reposted it and changed things around a little. I want to get as much truthful info out there about wolves. They are demonized in the press. Thanks again.

      For the wolves, For the wild ones,


  6. Take a look at this:

    Which animal is most common on that list?


    • Wow thanks for sharing John. The stories of Kamala and Amala were so interesting. Of course humans had to take them away from the wolf pack and try to socialize them and kill the wolves as well. It’s always about killing animals, they just couldn’t leave them alone.

      And yes you’re right…wolves are the most common. Truly amazing!!



      • The wolf was so protective over something that obviously wasn’t one of her own or even of her species for that matter. Myth and time-honoured fear have eroded the fact that wolves can be gentle and loving creatures.

        And no matter what the children were taught, not one of them ever became completely ‘human’ again. One even said, later in life, that he had enjoyed the company of wolves more than human beings.


      • John…it was fascinating reading some of the stories about wolves raising human children. I think they should have left the two girls alone, they were happy with the wolves and knew no other life. One ended up dying very young. What did they accomplish by taking them away from their wolf families? I think they killed the wolves as well. It’s always, killing, killlng and more killing. We are a brutal species.



  7. What a beautiful post.
    Well for me dear Nabeki the Wolf it will be always a great beautiful creature i love them with all my heart.
    The deep respect i feel it comes when i was child. I cry when i hear them howl and i fell free when i see them running or playing or just being discovering something new. The great happiness comes when i see pups they are so lovable so cute and i wish just for once (or more times) to hold one of them. Long Live To The Wolfs….


    • Thank you Vasileios…I want to put the info out there because wolves are hardly ever portrayed in a positive light in the press. It’s always about cows and elk and depredations.

      Wolves are truly amazing animals. They are so like our domestic dogs, I can’t imagine how anyone could kill one for sport.



  8. Another sad commentary on our country. We pretty much destroyed the Native Americans, the Bison and now the Wolves. It is beyond my comprehension how wolves can be so cruelly mistreated. It is time for a return to the values of the Native Americans who truly understood this amazing animal. I think America urgently needs to re-examine it’s relationship with the wolf and make that vital connection again between the land, animals and humans.


    • Doris…
      I think the problem is the old guard that rules here in the West. The cattle barons, or as Ralph Maughin likes to call them “the landed nobility” changed and neither has the hunting culture. It’s pervasive and entrenched. I think most Americans embrace the wolf but unfortunately they don’t hold the power over them. That’s what we have to change.

      I feel for the Native Americans having lost their land and way of life. Now we’re killing the buffalo and wolves all over again. Chief James St. Goddard expressed his sadness so poignantly in the Trib article.



      • Native americans care much more and have much more respect for wildlife than any white hunter could have.

        Timber Wolves

        Native Americans have often held timber wolves in the highest esteem in their culture. In truth, they are many times seen as a sacred animal and featured significantly in ancient songs, dances and stories that have been handed down for generations. Their role in Native American life was a given and often revered and welcomed.

        Timber wolves played a big part in the ecosystem and delicate balance of the land and the Native Americans recognized that role. Many Native Americans credit the wolves in teaching them about the importance of family and how to hunt and forage for food. In other words, they were credited with the livelihood of the tribe. Other tribes believed that the timber wolves were spiritual beings that could impart magical powers.

        Think about the native jewelry, artwork and other cultural items you have seen. Timber wolves are featured prominently, howling at the moon. As much as they are revered in Native American cultures, they are feared in others. A lot of old children’s stories and fables have wolves portrayed as the bad guys. The “Little Red Riding Hood” and “The Three Little Pigs” stories are just two of the many. These stories got their start, thanks to the settlers in the New World killing the timber wolves and painting them as the bad guys for dwindling livestock and wild game. However, it was the settlers who were interrupting the delicate balance of the land that the Native Americans held dear.

        While the population of timber wolves and other species has severely dropped over the years, their numbers are slowly picking up, in part due to the efforts of the government protecting them as well as environmental groups. As numbers increase, these timber wolves will be re-introduced back into their native homela


      • Many Native Americans believe the wolf is sacred like the buffalo. I know Chief James St. Goddard is very upset about what’s happening. I hope he continues to speak out because Native American beliefs could have a huge influence on how these animals are treated. We have a new ally in our battle to save wolves.



  9. It makes it harder when you have people on Ralphs blog say “I see nothing wrong with spending an entire day shooting gophers in the spring”. It;s that type of mentality that I find so foreign. I don’t know anyone that would shoot animals for no reason- I think people like that are ignorant


    • Amen William.

      Everyone check this out.

      Montana is basically trying to wipe out its wolf population.
      Like we didn’t already know this!

      Study: Hunt would halve Mont. wolf population
      A scientific study released Wednesday said a proposed hunt for gray wolves in the Northern Rockies would cut the endangered species’ population in Montana by roughly half during a single season.

      Associated Press Writer
      BILLINGS, Mont. —
      A scientific study released Wednesday said a proposed hunt for gray wolves in the Northern Rockies would cut the endangered species’ population in Montana by roughly half during a single season.

      The study from two Montana State University ecologists raised questions about claims that the wolves could easily withstand hunts proposed this fall in Montana and Idaho. The peer-reviewed report was published online by the Public Library of Science.

      Wolves in the Northern Rockies were returned to the endangered species list last month under a federal court order, but state officials still want permission to hold the public hunts.

      The MSU study found that Montana stands to lose approximately 50 percent of its wolves under a proposal submitted in mid-September to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

      “The data suggest that a sustainable harvest can be developed. But the thresholds identified (in Montana) appear to be above a sustainable level,” said MSU ecologist Scott Creel, one of the study’s authors.

      Wildlife officials in Montana and Idaho said they were not swayed by the MSU study and characterized it as speculative. They added that even if wolf populations get into trouble, they could simply adjust future quota levels to compensate.

      State and federal wildlife managers have said repeatedly that about 30 percent of a wolf population can be killed and it still will bounce back the following year.

      After analyzing 21 studies of North American wolf populations by government and academic researchers, Creel and colleague Jay Rotella estimated the figure for the Northern Rockies would be much lower, at 22 percent. The study reached the new estimate by using a computer model that compared Montana’s proposed hunting season to how wolf populations have responded to human-caused killings in the past.

      The lower estimate means wildlife managers using the old number could inadvertently set wolf quotas too high, threatening the species’ recovery after two decades and more than $30 million spent on restoration efforts.

      Montana wants a hunting quota of 186 wolves, on top of 145 wolves that the state expects to be killed this year by wildlife agents responding to attacks on livestock.

      Idaho also is seeking a hunt, but its proposed quota has not been released so the potential impact was not measured in the study.

      Idaho and Montana had a combined minimum population of 1,367 wolves at the end of 2009. Montana wants to pare back its wolf population by 15 percent this year, while Idaho has a long-term objective of 41 percent fewer wolves.

      About 340 wolves live in neighboring states, primarily in Wyoming, but also in Oregon and Washington. No hunts are proposed in those states.

      “We understand that if we tried to reduce the population at the same rate for years, it wouldn’t work,” said Jim Unsworth with the Idaho Fish and Game Department. “But that’s not what any of us have proposed.”

      “If we’re too heavy with harvest, we can back off,” he added.

      Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks wolf biologist Carolyn Sime said the MSU study was flawed because it failed to account for wolf pups born in the spring. She said that failure overestimated the impacts of hunting.

      Creel responded that his model used an established method to measure population changes between the same day from one year and the next, rendering irrelevant any interim spikes caused by spring births.

      A Canadian wolf researcher with a newly published study on the same topic said Wednesday that he reached a conclusion similar to Creel: past research apparently underestimated the impacts human-caused mortality can have on wolves in the Northern Rockies.

      Prior assumptions of hunting impacts were based largely on work done in the deep wilderness of Alaska and Canada, said Dennis Murray, a biologist with Trent University in Peterborough and that study’s lead author. Many wolf packs in the Northern Rockies live in proximity to inhabited areas – where they are more likely to be shot for attacking livestock or run over when crossing a highway.

      “Based on (the MSU) analysis and our analysis, the high rates of mortality that have occurred so far are probably not sustainable over the long term. That could curtail population growth and, in fact, might cause populations to decline substantially,” Murray said.

      The study was based on 22 years of data from more than 700 wolves in the Northern Rockies, appears in the November issue of Biological Conservation. Co-authors included four government wolf biologists from Idaho, Yellowstone National Park and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

      They did not offer a sustainable harvest figure comparable to Creel’s 22 percent.

      David Mech, a U.S. Geological Survey wolf biologist based in Minnesota, said both studies underscore that some hunter harvest of wolves is possible without hurting the population.

      Those quotas can be set higher, Mech said, if hunters can successfully target wolves that have been attacking livestock. Mech said those animals would be shot anyway by government wildlife agents.


      • Lets see? Mech says” if hunters can successfully tarket wolves that have been attacking livestock”.Trust is hard to come by these days. Hunters took out the whole Cottonwood Pack.I don’t trust them nor I do the wild life services.Just go out there and shoot and we will sort it out later.I can’t imagine these people out there with humane beings.I guess their motto would be,shot them than ask guestions.


      • I don’t listen to Mech anymore when he starts talking about wolf hunts, it aggravates me to no end.



      • Sorry bad spelling, I meant target.


      • Jon…I predicted this in a post on July 6.

        186 Wolves Slated To Die In 2010 Montana Hunt



      • Nabeki, it’s a slaughter campaign. I am very disgusted that they don’t even count the wolves killed by ws. It’s very clear what these states are trying to accomplish.


  10. Jon
    It’s not even worth trying to convince a hillbilly that they are so pathetic. If I told someone in my community that I would be “huntin varmints” people would look at me funny and feel sorry that i was so stupid! His grandfather probably did it and his father as well, so in essence you are who you come from. As far as the Montana wolf issue I can honestly tell you this will not happen this year. and it would be highly unlikely that it would pass if the repubs take the house. There are bills like the Horse slaughter bill that has genuine bipartisan consensus that hasn’t even come up for a vote.


    • I am a bit skeptical about these bills being passed William. I agree with you that nothing will happen this year.


    • I agree William these politicians are just posturing for the November elections and preaching to their base. Still I don’t want to get complacent because anything can happen. Look what Conrad Burns did in 2005. He tacked a rider weakening the 1971 Wild Horse and Burro act onto an appropriations bill, I think on Christmas eve, when nobody was in town. These people can be underhanded and sneaky. But I do agree with you there will be no ESA meddling with this Congress and it would be a huge battle with the next. Do they want to take on the bible of environmentalism, the ESA? That would be an epic battle, that I think they would lose.



  11. Environmental Protection is a deep rooted democratic belief, and the ESA altered would set a dangerous precedent. People like Grihalva and Rahall, and Bernard Dicks will protect it The congressional switchboard number is 2022243121 i use it almost everyday. You have these repubs like ISSA and SENSENBRENNER who think global warming is a hoax! Where do these people come from! Did you see Arnold go off on the oil industry about prop 23?


    • William thank you for the number.


  12. you do not need too draw all that stubed shit about wolfs they help us and you just treat them like crap


  13. i love wolves when i grow up i’m going to save them.


    • megan….a very noble goal, the wolves would thank you if they could!!

      For the wolves, For the wild ones,


  14. I luv wolves and I think they are very misunderstood


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