22,000 Plus Signatures And Counting…Please Sign To Stop The Slaughter Of Montana’s Wolves

Dead Wolf Pup_Jay Mallonee

Jay found this 3 – 4 month old pup shot dead and thrown into a ditch, deep in the forest where the Fishtrap pack lived.  The pack no longer exists because Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks had them killed them,  which ended Jay’s 10-year study of these wolves.  This action also ended the longest behavioral study of wolves in the state’s history, outside of YNP.

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Stop the unjustified killing and hunting of Montana’s wolves. Use science

(Petitioning Montana Governor Steve Bullock (responded)

Petition by

Jay Mallonee – Wolf and Wildlife Studies

Kalispell, MT

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Click HERE To Sign The Petition!! 

If you would like to collect signatures on behalf of this petition, please click here for more information.

Written signatures are beginning to come in now.  I’ll keep a running total below that can be added to the number of online signatures to give the total number of petition signatures:

829 written signatures as of 9/9/13 (add to number of online signatures).

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As of September 7, 2013, our wolves are again being hunted and killed for the next six months.  Below, I present you with the evidence that documents the systematic “genocide” of a species and what you can do to prevent it.  No one scientist or environmental group will stop this.  Only when humanity decides that the lives of animals are important will this unscientific and senseless policy cease.  Please step-up and help these beings whose lives are an intrical part of healthy ecosystems.  The truth is right in front of you.

Overview:

Currently, there are two wolf issues that people find confusing:  1)  The removal of all gray wolves from the federal government’s Endangered Species Act (ESA); and 2)  Their management by the states.  The ESA designates U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) as the agency responsible for determining what species are endangered and place them on the Endangered Species List (ESL).  After this happens, USFWS is responsible for removing species from the list and the ESA gives them the power to do so.  The wolves in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming were removed from the ESL in 2009, but currently the ESA still provides minimal protection:  it only requires the states to maintain 100 wolves with 10 breeding pairs.  They can kill the rest which is exactly what Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho are doing or have done (in Wyoming’s case).  If the few remaining protections are lifted, then the states are free to kill ALL of their wolves with no intervention from the federal government.  Nevertheless, the remaining federal protection doesn’t help much because the wolves are being slaughtered anyway.

My fight is at the management level where the real problems are.  Even if the public “wins” and wolves remain protected by the ESA, then the status quo will remain – hundreds and hundreds of dead wolves.  Until the states are held accountable for their deplorable management practices that do not follow scientific protocols, wolves will die, thus my petition.  Please continue reading to learn more about my research and published scientific review of FWP’s flawed data, and how this petition will help wolves.

Background:

For over twenty years I have researched and taught about wolves. Having had the longest running behavioral study of these animals in Montana’s history, outside of Yellowstone National Park, my interactions with wolf management agencies has been extensive. I have found that most managers have an appalling lack of knowledge about these animals, along with a disregard for science.

At the end of 2011, I published a paper in a peer-reviewed scientific journal that analyzed the data found in the annual reports published by Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (FWP).  This agency is responsible for wolf management.   Their information was filled with fabricated numbers used in making management decisions, such as determining the hunting quota.  In summary, my review found:

1. The scientific method was not used during data collection which makes management decisions based on this information highly questionable.  Kent Laudon, one of the Wolf Management Specialists who collects the data, informed me that no protocols are used during data collection.  This is important because the conclusions derived from the data cannot be any better than the quality of data collected. In other words, wolf management is not based in science as FWP has claimed.

2. There is no accountability for the repercussions of management decisions, such as killing wolves without proper scientific assessment.  I took my paper to the Governor’s Office and met with Mike Volesky, the Environmental Policy Advisor to the Governor at the time.  Among other topics, I asked him about the procedures FWP used to collect their flawed data, because they claimed that wolf hunts were based in science.  He said he would “investigate.”  In subsequent emails, I was passed from one person to the next throughout the FWP hierarchy and never were my questions answered completely or even intelligently in some cases.  On my website, you can read some of my email exchanges with FWP and judge for yourself.

3. There appears to be no quality control of the data which makes FWP seem as if they do not understand or are unaware of what their numbers say.  After years of interacting with these officials, I can say that they are a club.  Their concept of wolf management acts more like a belief system rather than a set of rational guidelines.  They are entrenched in their conviction that what they do is right, despite evidence to the contrary.  As a result, FWP uses other peoples’ hatred of wolves to make and save money.

4. Wolves are managed without regard to their top-down influence throughout ecosystems, by ignoring other areas of science such as animal behavior, emotions, intelligence, interactions among life forms, and some basic ecological principles.  Although some management may be necessary, hunting wolves remains scientifically unjustified.  In regards to emotions, you can read my published scientific study about a captive wolf from the wild that developed PTSD from her abuse by wolf managers and subsequent captivity.  She had been shot (tranquilizers via guns) four times and chased by aircraft twice.

5. When the state of Montana created revenue by killing its own wolves, hunting them became a self-serving process, as with the hunting of all managed wildlife. Hunting wolves can save the state money by reducing costs, creating revenue, and collecting opportunistic data from hunters. Therefore, money and convenience are some of the reasons to hunt wolves, which implies conflict of interest, especially when no scientific protocols were followed.

6. The actions of FWP bring up the moral issue of how a government agency can use flawed data to make management decisions, kill hundreds of wolves, and be allowed to do so.  Even when FWP conducted studies on elk populations, their own data demonstrated that their justifications for killing wolves was wrong. Click here for a summary of that information and current policies.

I have come to realize that I cannot expect FWP to act responsibly because they do not know what that means. I am responsible for wolf management. So are you. If you want wolves you will have to fight for them. Use what science knows about these animals and understand the data.  Use the provided links to educate yourself about the insanity of wolf management and to email FWP officials directly.  This is crucial because managers at FWP create a facade with their numbers. It will take some effort to unravel this illusion to reveal the truth.

Through my ten-year study of the Fishtrap pack, and from the results of other scientific studies, there is at least one truth science has learned about wolves:  the pack is an intricate design of almost infinite complexity.  I have learned that rather than a “thing,” a wolf pack is a dynamic process.  It is greater than the sum of its parts.  The parts consist of pack members interacting with each other and with their surrounding environment.  The net result is a force that changes over time as the pack reacts to endless environmental variations such as increasing or decreasing prey populations, prey migration, climatic changes, or when pack members come and go.

The picture above shows a pup who was a member of the Fishtrap pack.  I found her shot and thrown into a ditch, and this was when wolves were still endangered.  Nevertheless, entire packs could always be removed as part of wolf management control actions.  Despite the science, my study of the Fishtrap wolves came to an abrupt end several years ago when FWP killed all of them for apparently killing someone’s cow.  There was no warning, no call, nothing.  They just vanished.  I had even found wolf pack behavior never before documented, but wolf management is not about enlightenment.  It is about killing, because they don’t seem to know what else to do, and it is convenient.

Currently, FWP continues to let the public kill more and more wolves, without knowing how many wolves actually live in the state and without scientific justification.  As of September 1, 2013, another hunting season on wolves has commenced and will last over six months.  Hunters and trappers are now allowed to kill up to five wolves each.  As added incentive, out-of-state hunting fees have also been reduced.

Following is a list of the officials involved in wolf management. They are arranged from the highest political level to the lowest, top to bottom. I urge anyone interested in this subject to email these people and demand the truth about wolf management and clarification as to what is really going on.

Steve Bullock, Governor of Montana, governor@mt.gov.

Jeff Hagener, FWP Director, jhagener@mt.gov.

Mike Volesky, FWP Deputy Director, MVolesky@mt.gov.

Jim Satterfield, Regional Supervisor, jsatterfield@mt.gov.

Jim Williams, FWP Wildlife Program Manager, jiwilliams@mt.gov.

Kent Laudon, Wolf Management Specialist, klaudon@mt.gov.

Please visit my web site for more specific and additional information about wolves in Montana and my interactions with the government to end the killing of these animals. My scientific publications and the magazine articles I have written about this issue are available as free PDF downloads. You will see that FWP has no scientific justification for killing our wolves. Until the public as a whole tells wolf managers to stop, this process will continue indefinitely.

The goal is 100,000 signatures:  a good representation of different people and cultures from around the world.  Make FWP listen.  Every signature is emailed to the officials listed below.  However, when the goal has been reached, I will travel to the captiol and present a copy of your signatures and comments to the Governor, with the media present.  Enough of this killing.  It needs to stop.

Please share this petition with family and friends using Facebook, Twitter or other social media.  These are your wolves, the world’s wolves.  Don’t let them die for the agenda of only a few misguided and bigoted people.

Thank you for your concern,

Jay Mallonee
Wolf and Wildlife Studies
www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com

This petition began on 3/29/13.

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If you would like to collect signatures on behalf of this petition, please click here for more information.

To:
Montana Governor Steve Bullock, Governor of Montana
Jeff Hagener, Director of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Mike Volesky, Deputy Director of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Jim Satterfield, FWP Regional Supervisor
Jim Williams, FWP Wildlife Program Manager
Kent Laudon, Wolf Management Specialist
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Stop the unjustified killing and hunting of Montana’s wolves. Use science to guide wolf management!

Sincerely,
[Your name]

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Click Here To Sign The Petition!!

URGENT! Please Sign Wolf Biologist Jay Mallonee’s Petition, To Stop The Killing Of Montana’s Wolves!

Wolf and pup debs den dot com

UPDATE: April 3, 2013

Hi Everyone,

I”m going to leave this post up all week and then the petition will be on the sidebar so people can continue to sign. If we can do this one thing to show Governor Bullock and the gang over at Montana FWP that wolves in Montana have tremendous support and we don’t want them slaughtered, then Jay’s petition will have accomplished a giant first step in stopping this insanity. Please share his petition with all your friends and contacts. The wolves are voiceless and Jay has spoken very eloquently for them! We can’t let them down!

LET’S GET THIS DONE!!

For the wolves, For the wild ones,

Nabeki

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Please Sign The Petition To Stop The Killing Of Montana’s Wolves!

For over twenty years I have researched and taught about wolves.  Having had the longest running behavioral study of these animals in Montana’s history, outside of Yellowstone National Park, my interactions with wolf management agencies has been extensive.  I have found that managers have an appalling lack of knowledge about these animals, along with a disregard for science.  At the end of 2011, I published a paper in a peer-reviewed scientific journal that analyzed the data found in the annual reports published by Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (FWP).  This agency is responsible for wolf management.   Their information was filled with fabricated numbers used in making management decisions, such as determining the hunting quota.

There has been no accountability for the repercussions of management decisions, such as killing wolves without proper scientific assessment.  Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks has been telling the public that their wolf hunts and management processes are based in science.  Therefore, I asked them about the procedures used to collect their data.  I was told, “Jay there are no protocols.  No protocol would be necessary or even help really.”  In other words, scientific methods were never used to collect data, making their data only “guesses.”  So using flawed data, FWP has decided to kill hundreds of wolves each year based on justifications that can be easily dis-proven.  Therefore, I have started an online petition to stop the killing of Montana’s wolves.  So far, I am the only scientist to do so.

The goal is 100,000 signatures before the public wolf hunt begins in the fall.  After years of talk, political rhetoric, and a trip to the Governor’s Office, I intend to make FWP listen this time.  Every signature is emailed to the FWP officials listed in the petition, and to the Governor.  However, when the goal has been reached, I will travel to the capitol of Montana and present a copy of your signatures and comments to the Governor, with the media present.  Although the petition explains the issues, it also contains several links to my web site and research so that you can make an informed decision about signing.

Currently, FWP continues to let the public kill more and more wolves, without knowing how many wolves actually live in the state.  Recently, the law has been changed so that hunters can now kill up to three wolves each and use electronic calls.  As added incentive, out-of-state hunting fees have also been reduced.  Although wolves are already trapped using leg holds as a part of hunting, two more bills are being considered that will allow the use of dead wolves to bait these traps.

Please share this petition with family and friends using Facebook, Twitter or other social media.  These are your wolves, the world’s wolves.  Don’t let them die for the agenda of only a few misguided and bigoted people.

Thank you for your concern,

Jay Mallonee
Wolf and Wildlife Studies

www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com

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Petitioning Montana Governor Steve Bullock

Stop the unjustified killing and hunting of Montana’s wolves. Use science!

Petition by Jay Mallonee

Kalispell, MT

CLICK HERE TO SIGN

We must do it for the wolves!

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Photo: Courtesy Debs den dot com

Posted in: Wolf Wars, Montana wolves

Tags: Stop the wolf hunt, Montana wolves, Jay Mallonee, 100,000 signers,  Governor Bullock, Petition to save Montana wolves

Montana “Management Agencies” Called Out On Wolf Killing Practices….

Gray wolves the wilderness classroom

Jay Mallonee, a Montana wolf biologist, with over twenty years experience studying wolves,  has been trying to pry answers out of Montana wildlife agencies for years.  He asked them to explain their wolf counting methods and how they came to the conclusions they did, since he believes their methods are seriously flawed and they have no idea how many wolves actually reside in Montana.

His published paper, Hunting Wolves In Montana, Where Are The Data?   received this response from wildlife managers:

He wrote to them again, including a CC to Governor Bullock,  still searching for answers on why they are killing wolves.

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From: Jay Mallonee <info@wolfandwildlifestudies.com>
Subject: ActionLine article about Environmental Assessment
Date: January 27, 2013 10:02:57 PM MST
To: Mike Volesky <mvolesky@mt.gov>, john.e.steuber@aphis.usda.gov
Cc: governor@mt.gov

Enclosed is a PDF of my next article for Act’ionLine, the magazine published by Friends of Animals.  For the past two years I have been a contributor to this periodical in which I have written about my 20 years of researching wolves, both in the wild and captivity.  Therefore, the subject of wolf management constantly comes up.  The article is a partial review of the environmental assessment your agency co-authored entitled “Gray Wolf Damage Management in Montana for the Protection of Livestock, Other Domestic Animals, Human Safety, and Other Resources.”

Last year I published a scientific paper that reviewed the data in the annual reports provided by Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.  Their reasons for killing wolves were the same reasons used in your environmental assessment, none of which were plausible or based in science, as MFWP has always maintained.  My article will be seen by the nation within the next month or so, and I wanted you to have the opportunity to comment on it beforehand.  Perhaps you will finally provide some reasonable explanation as to how you justify the killing of Montana’s wolves based on the reasons you present.  If you do chose to make comments, please provide evidence of your claims, such as data, data collection methods, scientific methodology to determine if your premise is accurate, etc.  My opinions in the article are based on the information provided in the environmental assessment.  Therefore, if you have comments such as, “You are wrong,” or “We disagree,” they will not be taken seriously unless substantial proof is provided.

The deadline for providing comments is Friday, February 8.

Sincerely,

Jay Mallonee
Wolf and Wildlife Studies

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Again he received this response:

What should Jay conclude from their silence?  What do you conclude? That their data is flawed? That they have no sound reason for killing wolves? That wolves are suffering and dieing in Montana for nothing?

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wolf pack in snow first nation

The Inhumanity Of Wolf Management

By Jay S. Mallonee

It seems that wolf management agencies have circled the wagons to produce a new government document that tries to justify the killing of wolves in Montana, over problems that barely exist. Their Environmental Assessment (EA) is entitled “Gray Wolf Damage Management in Montana for the Protection of Livestock, Other Domestic Animals, Human Safety, and Other Resources.” The title implies that wolves have created enough property damage and safety threat to justify management unity to deal with these “problems.”

Although local tribes and the Department of Agriculture gave their input, the main architects of the EA are the two agencies most responsible for wolf management. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) creates and carries out state management policies, and the federal agency Wildlife Services (WS) does the killing. This organization has been criticized recently for their excessive slaughter of wildlife throughout the country. The EA provides the public with several potential alternatives for future wolf management, all involving varying degrees of WS involvement. As stated in the EA, the preferred option is Alternative 1, which is to continue with current management practices: kill many wolves in response to damage caused by only a few. This includes a 6-month public hunting season that involves trapping.

Last year I published a scientific paper that reviewed the government’s data on wolf management in Montana and their reasons for hunting wolves: reduce livestock depredation, and concerns about the wolves‘ effect on prey populations, especially elk (www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com/ researchpapers.php). Their justifications were proven to be statistically insignificant and were not consistent with their claim that science was used to reach management decisions. The EA is another version of the same thing, and describes a system in which wolves are a crop to be harvested for revenue and killed for sport. This mindset is at the core of wolf management. It uses little science and by ignoring the most current information about natural processes, wolf management fails to promote the conservation of intact ecosystems. Studies on animal emotions and intelligence are also ignored and wolf management produces an incomprehensible amount of suffering in our forests. Using the EA, let’s examine why this is true.

Who Are The Better Killers?

Those who oppose wolf management have often used morality as the basis of their arguments. They believe it is inhumane to kill wolves unless absolutely necessary, if at all. Given that hunting and trapping seasons are now in place, apparently MFWP and WS are not concerned about the morality of killing wolves. However, in the EA, they comment about wolves being taken inhumanely.

The EA states that lethal wolf management would occur regardless of whether WS is involved. Alternative 2 would require that WS use and provide advice on only nonlethal methods, although MFWP, tribes and private property owners could still kill wolves. Wildlife Services also states that the public could use less humane methods due to their frustration toward wolves and inexperience. Therefore the preferred method is to change nothing, meaning keep Alternative 1. As a result, WS would continue to remove problem wolves using the following methods: foothold traps, snares, ground shooting, denning (removing pups from the den by using “approved methods”), chemical immobilization with euthanasia, and aerial gunning.

Apparently WS believes they are better killers than a bigoted public. This coming from an agency that keeps track of the wolves they kill with symbols on the side of their planes. I would consider all of these methods to be inhumane. Even euthanized wolves had to be caught, either by foothold traps, snares, or chased down by aircraft. And it is not only physical suffering that wolves must contend with. My research has shown that the mental anguish from being chased by aircraft and shot produces its own unique suffering, such as post traumatic stress.

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From post-traumatic stress in a captive wolf to breaching whales in the Bering Sea, Jay Mallonee has studied the behavior of numerous animals. Through his business of Wolf and Wildlife Studies, he has researched the Fishtrap pack in northwest Montana for a decade and has written several scientific publications. Jay also wrote . . . Timber — A Perfect Life, an account of his sixteen-year relationship with a profound canine companion.

Please visit Jay’s website to read the full article!

http://www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com/index.php

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Top photo: Courtesy the wilderness classroom

Bottom photo: Courtesy First Nations

Posted in: Wolf Wars, Montana wolves

Tags: Jay Mallonee, wolf and wildlife studies, Hunting Wolves in Montana, Where Are The Data?, how many wolves in Montana?, The Inhumanity of Wolf Management

The Truth About Wolves, A Presentation By Jay Mallonee, May 15, Kalispell, Montana

Apparent Increase In Montana’s Wolf Population Is Based On Fabricated Numbers

By Jay Mallonee

Synopsis: Populations of living organisms change over time. To understand how, scientists measure four basic components expressed by populations: births (b), deaths (d), immigration (i, join a population), and emigration (e, leave a population). The overall equation is: growth rate = (i – e) + (b – d).

Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (FWP) is responsible for wolf management, including public hunts, and oversees how the wolf population changes from year to year. They claim that their methods are based in science, but one official has stated that no scientific protocols have been used to collect their data. This shows in FWP’s annual reports in which data are collected in a haphazard manner, making it difficult to draw relevant conclusions about Montana’s wolf population. Immigration numbers are never measured, yet are assumed in the annual reports and used to calculate the minimum number of wolves each year, or year-end totals. Over the last nine years, including 24 unverified wolves that supposedly emigrated, this represents 762 unaccounted for wolves: an average 21.4 percent error in minimum population numbers each year. Intentional or not, at least immigration numbers are fabricated and mean nothing scientifically. Minimum population numbers, therefore, are annual claims made by FWP, because they cannot be verified. This is important because these year-end numbers are used to make management decisions about wolves. For example, FWP has stated in their annual report that the number of wolves in 2011 is a 15 percent increase from 2010. However, this increase is well within the error established in FWP’s numbers. In addition, a wildlife official stated that none of the wolf counts were complete. Therefore, FWP cannot know if an increase occurred because their database is so inaccurate. When the unverified wolf counts are removed from the year-end totals, the result is a difference of 25 wolves between 2010 and 2011. According to FWP numbers, it would take 98 wolves to achieve 15 percent of the 2011 year-end total. Therefore, the claimed 15 percent increase came from the unverified immigration numbers. Regardless, FWP has used this assertion to justify an increased quota for the 2012 hunt. More importantly, the pattern of fabricated data represented in the 2011 annual report is consistent with previous years.

The data collected by FWP is so incomplete and without basis in science that we could ask, “What numbers do they provide the federal government to determine if wolves should be on the endangered species list or not?

Read More: 

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Pamphlet: Courtesy Jay Mallonee

Posted in: Biodiversity, Montana wolves, Wolf Wars

Tags: Jay Mallonee, Kalispell Montana, The Truth About Wolves, Montana wolf numbers? , Montana FWP

Jay Mallonee Speaks Out….

Jay Mallonee is an independent wolf biologist who has studied wolves in Montana for twenty years, notably the The Fish Trap Pack for ten of those years. His peer-reviewed paper,“Hunting Wolves In Montana, Where Are The Data”  is posted on this blog, under PAGES.

In his own words Jay speaks out about his struggle for the truth.

“On September 3, 2011, I published the paper Hunting Wolves In Montana – Where Are The Data?  in the peer-review, scientific journal Nature and Science.  It reviewed the data collected by Fish, Wildlife and Parks (FWP) regarding wolf population numbers.  This is the state agency responsible for wolf management in Montana. The paper demonstrated that much of their data was flawed or blatantly wrong, in addition to fabricating wolf numbers.  After publication of the paper, I spent two months emailing and visiting FWP officials to understand how and why they used flawed information to decide how many wolves should die in public hunts.  I also asked about the procedures used to collect their data, because FWP has claimed that wolf hunts are based in science.  This is not true either, and I have yet to have my questions answered.  Nevertheless, my email exchanges with FWP and the Governor’s Office demonstrate how management officials fein cooperation, then evade answering questions directly, and finally just get mad and no longer communicate.  In the meantime, the hunting season has been extended to February 15, 2012, and FWP supports groups that offer cash prizes for the best photo of wolves killed in the hunt.  FWP has gone out of their way to make sure wolves die.

You can help by going to my website
and reading these email exchanges then contacting FWP directly.  I have provided the contact information for everyone involved in these emails.  Ask your own questions or demand answers to the ones I have asked.  These people are pubic servants.”

Make them prove what they say.

Jay Mallonee, January 2, 2012

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Hunting Montana’s Wolves

by Jay Mallonee

http://www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com/downloads/huntingwolves2012.pdf

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Photo: Courtesy kewl wallpapers
Posted in: Wolf Wars, gray wolf
Tags: Jay S. Mallonee, Wolf biologist, Montana FWP,  Hunting Wolves In Montana

Hunting Wolves In Montana – Where Are The Data? By Jay S. Mallonee


Hunting Wolves In Montana – Where Are The Data?

Jay S. Mallonee
Wolf & Wildlife Studies, Kalispell, MT 59901
info@wolfandwildlifestudies.com

Nature and Science 2011

Abstract:

Management agencies have claimed that the recovery and public hunting of wolves is based in science.
A review of their statistics demonstrated that data collection methods did not follow a scientific protocol which
resulted in flawed and often incorrect data. Consequently, agencies do not know the total number of wolves in
Montana, a major reference point used by wolf managers. Therefore, the quotas proposed for public wolf hunts are
completely arbitrary, and management decisions in general have not been based on facts. This has produced a wolf
management system that lacks scientific perspective and does not utilize what is known about the wolves’ role in
sustaining healthy ecosystems. Instead, the absence of verifiable data suggests that management decisions are often
based on opinion and politics rather than science.

READ MORE: http://www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com/downloads/natureandscience.pdf

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“Wolves are complex creatures.  Like humans, they feel pain, pleasure, fear, a sense of loss, and display a remarkable intelligence unmatched by most living organisms.  When pushed to their physical and psychological limits, they can even suffer psychological disorders similar to those observed in people.  Their place in nature is equally as complex.  They are not the marauding killers that some people believe nor are they mindless and unfeeling chess pieces to be moved about without consequence in the game of wolf recovery.”  Jay Mallonee, Wolf & Wildlife Studies

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Please visit Jay’s website:

Wolf & Wildlife Studies

http://www.wolfandwildlifestudies.com/index.php

Jay Mallonee is an independent wolf researcher with a master’s degree in neurobiology/animal behavior.

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Photo: Courtesy All About Wolves

Posted in: Gray Wolf, Montana Wolves

Tags: Montana wolf hunt, peer-reviewed study, Jay Mallonee, independent research biologist

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