Room For Wolves…

Lamar Canyon Pack Flickr_CC BY_ND 2.0

New Report IDs 350,000 Square Miles of Additional Habitat for Wolves in Lower 48

Obama Administration Prematurely Abandoning Recovery, Despite Ample Room for Wolves in Southern Rockies, West Coast, Northeast

By: Center for Biological Diversity

SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 3, 2014 – A first-of-its-kind analysis by the Center for Biological Diversity identifies 359,000 square miles of additional habitat for gray wolves in 19 of the lower 48 states that could significantly boost the nation’s 40-year wolf recovery efforts. The study indicates the gray wolf population could be doubled to around 10,000 by expanding recovery into areas researchers have identified as excellent habitat in the Northeast, West Coast and southern Rocky Mountains, as well as the Grand Canyon, an area where a radio-collared wolf was photographed in recent weeks.

The report comes as the Obama administration moves to strip Endangered Species Act protection from gray wolves by the end of the year, even though wolves have been recovered in less than 10 percent of their historic habitat and are routinely trekking hundreds of miles to disperse to areas of the American landscape they once called home.

“This wolf’s pioneering journey to Arizona, like the wolf OR-7’s remarkable trek across Oregon to California, highlights the compelling on-the-ground reality made clear in this new report,” said Amaroq Weiss, the Center’s West Coast wolf organizer. “The Obama administration must finally acknowledge that the job of recovering wolves to sustainable populations is far from done.”

Today’s report, Making Room for Wolf Recovery: The Case for Maintaining Endangered Species Act Protections for America’s Wolves, analyzes 27 published research papers identifying suitable wolf habitat. It shows that the current wolf population of 5,400 could be nearly doubled if federal protections were retained and recovery efforts began to restore wolves to some of the places they once called home.

The report documents 56 instances over 30 years where wolves have dispersed from existing core recovery areas to states where they have yet to reestablish, including Colorado, Utah, California, New York, Massachusetts and Maine. These events, which frequently have ended in the dispersing wolves being shot, highlight the need for continued federal protections and recovery planning to increase the odds for dispersing wolves to survive and recolonize former terrain. The most famous dispersing wolf, OR-7, traveled hundreds of miles from northeast Oregon to California and has started a family along the border of the two states.

The report’s findings come as federal wildlife officials are working to verify the genetic identity of the radio-collared wolf photographed near Grand Canyon National Park — a discovery that suggests the wolf is likely a northern Rockies gray wolf who traveled hundreds of miles to historic wolf habitat where wolves were exterminated more than 50 years ago.

“What we’re seeing is that the amazing journeys of OR-7 and the wolf spotted in Arizona are far from oddities — they’re reflections of very natural dispersal patterns in recent years, where wolves have travelled hundreds of miles trying to expand to enough of their historic range to survive ongoing threats,” Weiss said. “But without the protection of the Endangered Species Act, we know that these wolves will too often face the same kind of hostility that nearly drove them extinct a century ago.”

Since endangered species protections were taken away from wolves in 2011 in the northern Rockies and western Great Lakes, the states have enacted aggressive hunting and trapping seasons designed to drastically reduce populations. To date more than 2,800 wolves have been killed, resulting in a 9 percent population decline in the northern Rockies and a 25 percent decline in Minnesota. Idaho passed legislation this year creating a “wolf control board,” with the sole purpose of killing wolves, and appropriated $400,000 for the task. Removal of protection in the rest of the country will ensure that anti-wolf prejudices prevail and wolf recovery is stopped in its tracks.

“State management of wolves has turned an Endangered Species Act success story into a tragedy,” said Weiss. “Rather than sound science, gray wolf management by the states has been dominated by anti-wolf hysteria and special-interest politics. Wolves need federal protection so they can survive, continue to recover, and eventually reprise their historic wilderness role at the top of the food chain.”

The report details the serious problems with state management and the important part wolves play in ecosystems; it can be read and downloaded here.

Background
Large members of the canid family, gray wolves are habitat generalists able to live nearly anywhere other than extreme desert or tropical environments, but which require human tolerance for survival. Living in family packs that typically range from five to 10 animals, wolves are highly social animals, with all pack members involved in rearing of young and in hunting forays for their prey (predominantly large wild ungulates such as elk, deer, moose and caribou). At around the age of two to three years, wolves tend to disperse from their family packs to seek mates and territories of their own.

Gray wolves were once the most widely ranging land mammals on the planet, with an estimated 2 million distributed throughout North America at the time of European colonization. As settlers moved west, they cleared the land for their grain and livestock, wiping out first the wolves’ wild prey and then the wolves themselves. Government-sponsored predator-eradication campaigns conducted on behalf of the livestock industry exterminated wolves everywhere in the lower 48 states, with the exception of a remnant population of fewer than 1,000 wolves in far northeastern Minnesota.

Wolves were first federally protected in 1967, under a precursor to the Endangered Species Act. This allowed Minnesota’s wolf population to expand in number and range into neighboring Wisconsin and parts of Michigan. In the mid-1990s, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park and central Idaho; their descendants have slowly dispersed into parts of Washington and Oregon, with one wolf making it to California. In the late 1990s, the most highly endangered subspecies of gray wolf, the Mexican gray wolf, was reintroduced to Arizona.

In 2011 Congress stripped wolves of federal protections in the northern Rockies and adjacent areas, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service did the same for wolves in the Western Great Lakes region. Under state management, in less than three years, wolf populations in these states have demonstrated substantial declines, with nearly 3,000 wolves killed in state-sanctioned hunting and trapping seasons.

In June 2013 the Obama administration proposed stripping federal protections from wolves across most of the lower 48 states. Despite receipt of more than 1.5 million public comments opposed to delisting wolves and critical comments from scientists and a peer review panel, the administration is expected to issue an official rule removing protection from wolves before the end of the year.

http://yubanet.com/enviro/New-Report-IDs-350-000-Square-Miles-of-Additional-Habitat-for-Wolves-in-Lower-48.php#.VFm8dvnF-So

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Making Room for Wolf Recovery:
The Case for Maintaining Endangered Species Act Protections for America’s Wolves

gray wolf in snow wallpaper

http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/gray_wolves/pdfs/Making_Room_for_Recovery_print.pdf

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Top Photo: lamar-canyon-pack-flickr_cc-by_nd-2-0

Bottom Photo: gray wolf in snow wallpaper

Posted in: gray wolf, biodiversity, Wolf Wars

Tags: gray wolf recovery, wolf habitat, Obama admin, war on wolves, Center For Biological Diversity, national wolf delisting, wolf persecution repeat, ESA

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EIJ: Wolf Torture and Execution Continues in the Northern Rockies by J. William Gibson

(From Earth Island Journal) A Hunter and his dead prey

Montana Anti-Trapping Group Gets Death Threat for Releasing Photos

On March 16, a Friday, a US Forest Service employee from Grangeville, Idaho, laid out his traps wolf. The following Monday, using the name “Pinching,” he posted his story and pictures on www.Trapperman.com . “I got a call on Sunday morning from a FS [Forest Service] cop that I know. You got one up here as there was a crowd forming. Several guys had stopped and taken a shot at him already,” wrote Pinching. The big, black male wolf stood in the trap, some 300-350 yards from the road, wounded—the shots left him surrounded by blood-stained snow. Pinching concluded his first post, “Male that went right at 100 pounds. No rub spots on the hide, and he will make me a good wall hanger.”

The Trapperman website went wild with comments. “That’s a dandy!! Keep at it,” wrote Watarrat. Otterman asked, “All the gray on that muzzle make a guy wonder how old he is or if it is just part of his black coloring.” Pinching’s picture of the wolf’s paw caught in the trap got special attention. “Is that the MB750 stamped ‘wolf’ on the pan?” asked one man. “Looks to be a perfect pad catch. Congratulations! Pinching confirmed the trap model and commented, “Oh an [sic] by the way, a wolf is a heck of a lot of work to put on a stretcher! Man those things hold on to their hide like no other!”

Read More: 

http://www.earthisland.org/journal/index.php/elist/eListRead/wolf_torture_and_execution_continues_in_the_northern_rockies/

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Trapped Wolf Used for Target Practice

Wolf torture continues and is praised by some while critics are threatened.

Published on March 29, 2012

by Marc Bekoff, Ph.D. in Animal Emotions

Wolves remain in the crosshairs and the teeth of leghold traps in the Northern Rockies (see and). Let me say upfront that I apologize for posting this brief alert, but it’s essential that people who don’t know about what’s happening learn about the barbaric treatment of wolves, and also for the skeptics to see it up close and personal if they can stand it.

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201203/trapped-wolf-used-target-practice

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Photo: Courtesy Earth Island Journal

Posted in: Wolf Wars, Trapping wolves

Tags: trapping cruelty, war on wolves,  wolves suffering,  Earth Island Journal, J. William Gibson

10 Wolf Pups Slaughtered In Wyoming By Wildlife Services….SHAME ON THEM!!

June 30, 2012

Wyoming is killing wolf pups right along with their parents. Ten pups have been killed  so far, sixteen wolves in all. One alpha pair, (mother and father wolves), were wiped out along with their six pups for the death of  just ONE LAMB at Dempsey Creek. Now another wolf pack of eight, including their pups have been slaughtered in Cody, Wyoming by the Wildlife Services goons, on the orders of USFWS.  The death toll stands at sixteen dead wolves….ten pups, six adults.

Ed Bangs is in charge, he is the Western gray wolf recovery coordinator, (that’s a laugh, wolf recovery). Wolves are still listed as endangered in Wyoming but they might as well have zero protection because the USFWS is carrying out a shadow wolf hunt in Wyoming.  How extremely brutal and misguided. What type of people kill puppies? If these poor animals weren’t wolf pups but say domestic dog  pups, the people  responsible for their slaughter would be in jail for animal cruelty. But because it’s the federal government USFWS, they can order our native carnivores killed, their pups slaughtered and get away with it.

Did they beat the pups over the head, did they shoot them, did they drown them, did they bury them alive?  How do you kill two month old puppies? Did they kill them in front of their parents or did their parents have to watch in horror as their babies were brutally murdered?

This is a two month old wolfdog puppy. The wolf pups killed were about this age.

Is the USFWS working for the ranchers in Wyoming? Why aren’t these ranchers using pro-active measures, which means sound animal husbandry practices to deter predation?  The answer is simple, they don’t have to. All they have to do is pick up the phone and call USFWS and have them unleash the Wildlife Services death squad  to kill wolves for them.

It’s apparent USFWS is not going to require ranchers to use any precautionary measures. They’re just going to kill wolves, that’s their plan, with no regard to the damage they do to wolves. It’s all about cattle and sheep. These people should not be managing wolves when all they seem to care about is the livestock industry.  I wouldn’t trust them to water my plants let alone manage wolves.

Quote From the Jackson Hole News and Guide:

“Solutions proposed by conservation groups, such as using flagging and guard dogs to scare wolves, won’t work in some open-range situations, Jimenez said. Killing wolves is the only solution, he said.”

So there you have it. They are just going to kill wolves. Great management plan. Nice job USFWS.

EIGHT WOLVES, INCLUDING TWO ADULTS AND SIX PUPS WERE KILLED FOR ONE LAMB.  SIXTEEN WOLVES ARE DEAD, TWO ENTIRE  WOLF PACKS, TEN  PUPS SLAUGHTERED.

We have to stand up to this cold-blooded killing. Please write to the USFWS to express your outrage over the killing of entire wolf families for agribusiness. Write to the governor of Wyoming.

Apparently USFWS is flexing their muscles in Wyoming, letting everyone know that even if wolves are relisted by Judge Molloy, USFWS will continue its war on wolves.

Do not buy any products from Wyoming businesses that support the jihad against wolves. This has to stop. These are your tax dollars people  being used to kill PUPPIES!! SPEAK OUT!!  THE WORST WE CAN DO IS NOTHING!!

STAND UP FOR WOLVES.!!!!!!

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Wolf pups slain after packs kill livestock

By Angus M. Thuermer Jr., Jackson Hole, Wyo.
June 30, 2010
 
http://www.jhnewsandguide.com/article.php?art_id=6154
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Eight wolves killed in SW Wyoming because of the death of just one lamb

June 27, 2010 — Ralph Maughan

Two adult wolves and six pups killed by Wildlife Services in an area with just one confirmed wolf depredation, a mere lamb-

http://wolves.wordpress.com/2010/06/27/8-wolves-killed-for-one-domestic-lamb/

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More Puppy Killing In Alaska!!

Wildlife biologists kill 14 wolf pups on Alaska Peninsula

PREDATOR CONTROL: Controversial move meant to help caribou.The Associated Press

Published: July 20th, 2008 02:39 AM
Last Modified: July 20th, 2008 01:01 AM

http://www.adn.com/2008/07/20/469720/wildlife-biologists-kill-14-wolf.html#ixzz103XyJl6a

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CONTACT USFWS:

Ed Bangs (406)449-5225 x204 or Ed_Bangs@FWS.GOV

Mike Jimenez (307)733-7096 or (307)330-5631 or Mike_Jimenez@FWS.GOV

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Contact Governor Matt Mead

http://governor.wy.gov/contactUs/Pages/default.aspx

Photo: wolf pup, top of page: Courtesy Defenders of Wildlife

Posted in: Wyoming wolves, Wolf Wars

Tags: Wyoming,  wolf pups slaughtered,  USFWS, war on wolves

Published in: on June 30, 2010 at 3:33 pm  Comments (176)  
Tags: , , ,

Montana FWP Holding Hearings Tonight On Increasing Wolf Hunt Quotas For 2010…

Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks is holding hearings tonight across the state to discuss their proposed increased wolf hunt quotas. Please see the list of locations at the bottom of this post.

 It seems the hundreds of wolves that were slaughtered in Montana since their delisting last year wasn’t enough. The state wants to kill more, lots more. They are proposing to raise the wolf hunt quotas from 75 to either 153, 186  or 216.  There is no going back to 75.  It’s either double or nearly triple the wolf hunt quotas or somewhere in-between.

What does this mean for wolves and the people that want to see them on the landscape, raising their families, living in peace?  The news is all bad. The state seems determined to greatly reduce the wolf population in the state and are using the outdated 15 breeding pair, 150 wolf minimum recovery numbers, which is what all wolf advocates feared would happen once the states took over “management” of wolves from the feds.

From MONTANA FISH, WILDLIFE AND PARKS  HUNTING SEASON/QUOTA CHANGE SUPPORTING INFORMATION:

“The current and predicted number of breeding pairs is above the 15 breeding pairs required to offer harvest opportunity. Furthermore, the total number of wolves and the number of breeding pairs are also above levels which could trigger relisting under ESA.”

So there you have it wolf supporters.

Why are they doing this you ask?  Here is the summary of reasons they give for the  increased killing:  

 MONTANA FISH, WILDLIFE AND PARKS HUNTING SEASON/QUOTA CHANGE SUPPORTING INFORMATION: (BLUE ITALICS ARE MINE)

1. Maintain a viable and connected wolf population in Montana.
 Both quota alternatives look to maintain the current overall distribution of wolves albeit at a reduced level.
 ( I completely disagree, how will killing this many wolves maintain a viable and connected wolf population in Montana? It will further decrease genetic connectivity, wreak  havoc on pack structure and  cohesiveness placing the wolf population in peril. Have any studies been done on what effect all this killing has had on wolves? I haven’t seen any?)

2. Gain and maintain authority for State of Montana to manage wolves.

 (Well that is certainly true, the state and feds (Wildlife Services)  are certainly making life and death decisions over wolves lives)

 Of 1000 simulations for each proposed quota, no individual simulation produced less than 15 breeding pairs statewide.

(There they go again, referring to the 15 breeding pair limits, indicating they want to “manage” (kill) wolves down to the bare minimum that would trigger ESA to relist them.)

 3. Maintain positive and effective working relationships with livestock producers, hunters, and other stakeholders.

 (So livestock producers and hunters get a mention but everyone else is lumped into “other stakeholders? Do they even talk to wolf advocates or consider their input? It doesn’t look like it.)

Current wolf levels are well above conservation minimums. The proposed reduction maintains species distribution and viability while recognizing growing sentiment among some publics for a reduced wolf presence. It also seeks to recognize and balance an awareness that other publics seek a greater wolf presence.

( Who are these publics that are asking for a reduced wolf population besides ranchers, hunters and outfitters? Has there been official polling or discussion about this? I don’t remember the state asking what Montanans feel about greatly reducing the wolf population? The only people the state seems to be listening to are hunters, ranchers and outfitters)

4a. Reduce wolf impacts on livestock.

(Well there you have it, even though wolves were only responsible for 214 cattle losses in 2009 out of a population of 6 million cattle in the entire Northern Rockies. Where’s the crisis? Stock growers lose tens of thousands of cattle to non-predation. Wolves aren’t event close to the main predator of cattle who are coyotes, followed by domestic dogs.)

While it is not clear exactly what relationship will evolve between hunter harvest and any reduction in livestock depredations, given the history of wolves and depredation events it is reasonable to assume that some reduction to a previous population level stands to potentially reduce livestock depredations. Additionally, hunter harvest has some unknown potential to literally and directly curtail or prevent livestock loss or agency response to that loss at a local scale.4b. Reduce wolf impacts on big game populations.”

 (More hunting priorities, haven’t seen anything yet that benefits wolves. It’s all about hunters and ranchers and their interests)

FWP’s commitment to wolf is no less than its commitment to other wildlife and is adaptively pursuing a balance that accommodates all species’ biology and population status.

(Sure you are.)

 4c. Maintain sustainable hunter opportunity for wolves.

(Again what hunters need.)

 Consistent with all managed wildlife species, FWP wolf management is grounded in the statutory direction and agency intent to prevent relisting and to provide species viability and presence and associated public opportunities in perpetuity. 

Uh-huh…you want to take the wolf population down to the bare minimum  right above where ESA would trigger.)

4d. Maintain sustainable hunter opportunity for ungulates.

(Hunters needs again, I see a pattern here)

This proposed reduction in wolf numbers reflects concern over ungulate populations but does not dismiss the value of the wolf, its biological needs and its ecological role.

(The Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation released a rosy picture of elk numbers in Montana in their Spring 2009 press release, stating elk numbers in the state had risen by 66% since the group was  founded in 1984.  They stated the Montana elk herd was at 150,000. Doesn’t sound like elk are doing badly in Montana at all. Yes there may be some areas where elk have declined but it’s called nature. Numbers in nature are not stationary but overall elk are doing just fine in Montana.)

5. Increase broad public acceptance of sustainable harvest and hunter opportunity as part of wolf conservation.

(Nice PR but it doesn’t fly with wolf advocates)

 This proposal looks to keep hunters and livestock producers supportive of wolves in Montana and recognizes that without the elements of hunter harvest the wolf cannot be widely supported in the state. It also looks to demonstrate Montana’s careful consideration of wolf population data as the basis for proposing two quota options for the Commission to consider.

(So again we have to please hunters and ranchers by killing more wolves so they will be more accepting of wolves. Makes absolutely no sense whatsover)

6. Enhance open and effective communication to better inform decisions.

Staff efforts in this proposal development have exceeded usual proposal development process. The modeling simulations and other information will be proactively made available to decision makers and to others upon request. A single night of public meetings in each of the seven FWP administrative regions will assist all parties in understanding any Commission adoption and how to engage the public comment opportunity.

 (So the commission just arbitrarily decides to get rid of the 75 wolf hunt quota and give three other options, 153, 186 or 216. There is no going back to 75.  How does this contribute to open and effective communication? People that support wolves don’t want the quota’s increased, period or believe we should even be having wolf hunts.)

7. Learn and improve as we go.

Given current uncertainties associated with a relatively short history of wolf management with hunting on the Montana landscape, the present high and growing dissatisfaction with the current wolf population level by some segments of the public and the specie’s reproductive ability to grow and/or rebound, it is paramount that FWP move forward in decisive fashion that clearly prescribes actions with predictions that can be recognized, measured and responded to. Season adoptions are scheduled to be annual rather than biennial to better adapt to evolving management understanding.” 

(I give them an F so far on wolf killing, ooops I mean management for having a wolf hunt mere months after wolves were delisted. No buffer zones around the two national parks, Yellowstone and Glacier. The state opened the 2009 hunt  right outside of Yellowstone and decimated the famous and studied Cottonwood Pack.  Three wolves that were known poached in the North Fork of the Flathead were NOT added to the quota. )

http://fwpiis.mt.gov/content/getItem.aspx?id=43678

Just to sum up the situation and the seriousness of what the state of Montana is proposing to do to the wolf population.

64 wolves have died in 2010 already, 44 were killed by WS, the rest shot by ranchers, hit by cars, etc.  Out of a population of 520 that leaves 456.  If WS matches last years killing of 145 wolves and I have no reason to believe they won’t match or exceed that number, since they continue to kill wolves, right now they are gunning for 18 more wolves and it’s only June.

If we factor in another 100 wolves or more that could likely be killed by Wildlife Services in 2010, that would take the wolf population down to 356. 

Then deduct 150, which is the first hunt quota proposal. That would leave 206 wolves.

If they go with the 186 quota that leaves 170 wolves on the landscape at the end of 2010.

If the  216 quota is selected that could leave only 140 wolves left in Montana by the end of the 2010, which would actually trigger ESA to relist them. So not matter what quota is chosen wolves will be slaughtered in high numbers between the hunts and Wildlife Services.

Another thing that has not been factored is poaching (SSS), accidents (getting hit by cars) and general wolf mortality. This will certainly reduce the wolf population even further.  The USFWS should be seriously looking into this dire situation instead of agreeing with what has been going on:

From the Missoulian: May 17-21 | 15 from five packs killed in Montana, 5 Deadly Days For Wolves

(article concerning the recent killing of fifteen wolves in five days from five different packs by Wildlife Services for agribusiness) Ed Bangs, USFWS

Bradley and Ed Bangs, who managed wolves for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service until those duties were turned over to the state, note that high wolf mortality is typical in the spring. That’s because wolves are close to calving livestock in the lower elevations and big game hasn’t moved into the high country yet, drawing wolves out of the valleys.

Bangs added that in previous years, federal agents have taken out large packs for livestock depredation, pointing to the removal of 22 out of 23 wolves in the Livermore pack during a three-day period last September as an example.

But this month, the removal actions are all over the map. Four wolves were killed May 21 west of Missoula and another to the north, from a different pack, on May 20. In the east fork of the Bitterroot, a wolf was shot on May 15 and another on May 17. Two wolves were killed north of Wisdom May 18 and another was shot the next day. Two wolves were killed north of Helmville May 18 and another on May 23. Two wolves were killed May 18 north of Wolf Creek.

“We knew from early on that this would happen, which is why Wildlife Services has been a partner from early on,” Bangs said. “You can see from the wolf reports that we’ve been heading toward this for years — more depredations so there’s more control. When we started, we would move problem animals around, capturing them and putting them somewhere else, but there’s enough now that we just kill them.”

Nuff said, thanks Ed for that perspective. Now there are enough wolves they can just kill them. Terrific! (sigh)

Of course FWP will counter with we haven’t counted the 2010 wolf puppies that were born this Spring. But pups have a high mortality rate and five hundred wolves died in the Northern Rockies last year, so who knows what effect that had on breeding pairs?  Plus Wildife Services has been actively killing entire wolf packs in 2010 right in the middle of pup season.. How many of the 2010 wolf pups were killed along with their parents in “control actions”.  They can’t comfortably fall back on the 2010 puppies to make up for all the killing that’s going to go on between the hunts and Wildlife Services in 2010.

Please attend one of these meetings and speak out for wolves. Don’t let the ranchers and hunters dictate wolf pollicy. Wolves have no voice and they are being treated like vermin. Please stand up for them!!

 From News Channel 642:

Posted: Tuesday, 01 June 2010 3:18PM

Montana’s Fish Wildlife and Parks holding hearings (tonight)

“Montana’s Fish Wildlife and Parks is holding hearings around the state……in reference to the plan to more than double the wolf hunt. Here’s the schedule:The meeting will be held at the following locations on June 2 from 7-9 p.m.:


• Billings-FWP Headquarters; 2300 Lake Elmo Dr.

• Bozeman-Holiday Inn; 5 E. Baxter Lane

• Glasgow-Valley County Court House; 501 Court Square

• Kalispell-FWP Headquarters; 490 N. Meridian Rd.

• Great Falls-FWP Headquarters; 4600 Giant Springs Rd.

• Miles City-FWP Headquarters; 352 I-94 Business Loop

• Missoula-Double Tree Hotel Missoula Edgewater; 100 Madison

Last year, Montana’s first ever wolf harvest quota was 75 wolves across three WMUs. Officials estimate that at least 524 wolves in 101 verified packs and 37 breeding pairs inhabited the state at the end of 2009. The Montana wolf population is predicted to decrease under each of the quota alternatives currently being considered by the FWP Commission.”

http://www.ktvm.com/pages/7369989.php?contentType=4&contentId=6207200

 

Posted in: Montana Wolves, Wolf Wars, Howling For Justice

Tags: Montana FWP, Increased Montana wolf hunt quotas, war on wolves, where are the wolf studies?, hunters and ranchers 

 

 

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